Last,s anatomy regional and applied

For the first time in its publication history all the illustrations in the previous (eleventh) edition of
Last’s Anatomy appeared in full colour. This development transformed the illustrations and received
very favourable readership response.

In the light of such evaluation the publication of a twelfth edition has provided the opportunity to augment the illustrations in the book by the inclusion of new photographs depicting anatomy of clinical, endoscopic and surgical relevance and additional photographs of prosections. Where necessary the colour, tone, shade and contrast of existing illustrations have been enhanced. Colour consistency for related structures has been maintained throughout to ensure ease of cross-reference from one illustration to another.

The text has been wholly reviewed and refinements made where required in the interests of relevance and readability. The anatomy of surgical approaches has been updated in the light of the continuing evolution of surgical practice, advances in laparoscopic surgery and the increasing scope of minimal access procedures.

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langman medical embriology 12 th edition

Every student will be affected by pregnancy, either their mother’s, since what happens in the womb does not, necessarily, stay in the womb, or by someone else’s.

As health care professionals you will often encounter women of childbearing age who may be pregnant, or you may have children of your own, or maybe it is a friend who is pregnant. In any case, pregnancy and childbirth are relevant to all of us, and unfortunately, these processes often culminate in nega tive outcomes.

For example, 50% of all embryos are spontaneously aborted. Further more, prematurity and birth defects are the leading causes of infant mortality and major contributors to disabilities. Fortunately, new strategies can improve pregnancy outcomes, and health care professionals have a major role to play in implementing these initiatives.

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